Veterinary Public Health E-Bulletin (VPH) No. 49

BULLETIN NUMBER: N. 49

 

Veterinary Public Health (VPH) is defined as The contributions to the physical, mental and social well-being of humans through an understanding and application of veterinary science [WHO/FAO/OIE definition 1999].

Human health, animal husbandry and animal health are closely connected and VPH is a fundamental part of public health whereby human health and well-being are the main objectives. VPH is multidisciplinary and contributes to many areas of public health that are not always related to animals. In order to integrate veterinary public health into the goals of public health, it is essential to improve collaboration between human and veterinary medical science, environmental science and other related fields - in accordance with "One Health" principles.


NEWS

ASIA (China) Human Avian Influenza A HPAI H7N9

The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health (DH) received notification of an additional human case of avian influenza A (H7N9) in Shantou from the Health and Family Planning Commission of Guangdong Province, making a total of 20 cases between December 21, 2015 and February 7, 2016. [...]

ASIA (Kuwait) Foot and Mouth Disease

Twelve outbreaks of Foot and Mouth Disease were reported from Al Jahrah region among dairy cattle population. [...]

ASIA (Chinese Taipei) Avian Influenza A HPAI H5N2

Abnormal mortalities were observed in four poultry farms in Taoyuan City and Tainan City. Samples were sent to the National Laboratory (AHRI) for diagnosis and H5N2 subtype HPAI was confirmed by AHRI. [...]

To view reported cases of animal diseases visit the EMPRES-I website

ASIA (Vietnam) Avian Influenza A HPAI H5N6

Vietnam reports continuing outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza with the latest outbreak in reported among backyard birds in Dien-Phu, Nghe An. [...]

ASIA (Bangladesh) Avian Influenza A HPAI H5N1

On 4 February 2016, the notice of crow deaths was reported to the livestock authority in Rajshahi city and the National Reference Laboratory gave confirmation of H5N1 on 15 February 2016 for Avian Influenza. [...]

ASIA (India) Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

A 40-year-old man from Gondal taluka's Shivrajgadh village in Gujarat has posthumously tested positive for Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF), commonly known as Congo fever. [...]

To view reported cases of animal diseases visit the EMPRES-I website

EMPRES-i compiles animal disease events, outbreak and surveillance data (including zoonoses) from numerous sources (e.g. FAO representations, FAO reports, Technical projects, OIE reports, official governments, Regional Organizations, FAO Reference Centres and laboratories) for supporting analytic and risk assessments on threats of animal origin including emergent zoonoses.

FAO also verifies disease events from additional sources including country or regional project reports, technical reports, scientific articles, partner Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), cooperating institutions, public domain sites, media search engines and web-based animal and human health surveillance systems (e.g. GPHIN, PROMED, Health Map)

 

FOOD SAFETY NEW

FDA pauses non-toxigenic E. coli testing in cheese

February 10, 2016. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to pause its testing program for non-toxigenic E. coli in cheese while it re-evaluates the issue. [...]

USDA finalizes new food safety standards for chicken parts, ground poultry

February 5, 2016. The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA's) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) announced yesterday that it has finalized new federal standards designed to cut Salmonella and Campylobacter contamination in ground chicken and turkey, as well as in raw chicken breasts, legs, and wings. [...]

Lab-grown meat challenges status quo

February 5, 2016. American start-up Memphis Meats has said it is less than five years away from being able to manufacture enough laboratory-made burgers and meatballs to stock the shelves of US grocery stores. [...]

E coli outbreak linked to organic raw milk

February 12, 2016. State officials added two more people to the list of patients in an E. coli outbreak in California linked to raw milk from Organic Pastures Dairy Co., but the dairy operator says the states data is garbage. [...]

OTHER NEWS

FAO calls for international action on antimicrobial resistance

February 10, 2016. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an emerging public health threat requiring a globally coordinated effort to counter the risks it poses to food security, FAO Deputy Director-General Helena Semedo said Wednesday. [...]

Tessella and University of Oxford use machine learning and data analytics to spot likely disease epidemics

February 9, 2016. Data analytics company Tessella, and researchers in Spatial Ecology & Epidemiology at the University of Oxford, have built a new digital mapping system, which uses mathematical models to predict the risk of infectious disease spreading. [...]

New bacteria discovered that cause Lyme disease

February 9, 2016. Scientists from the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota first identified the new bacterium from six people infected with Lyme disease whose lab tests produced unexpected results. [...]

Real-time Ebola fusion system yields clues to stopping infection

February 9, 2016. Researchers have developed the first real-time system to watch directly through the microscope as Ebola-like virus particles fuse with human cells to infect them. [...]

Researchers identify most dangerous strains of often-deadly bacteria

February 9, 2016. A multi-disciplinary group of researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UM SOM) have for the first time determined the genetic makeup of various strains of E. coli, which every year kills hundreds of thousands of people around the world. [...]

Millions could die as world unprepared for pandemics, says UN

February 8, 2016. A global epidemic far worse than the Ebola outbreak is a real possibility and could kill many millions if the world does not become better prepared to deal with the sudden emergence and transmission of disease, the UN has said in a hard-hitting report. [...]

Russia Ebola vaccine to be used in Guinea starting this fall
February 5, 2016. Effectiveness of the Russian medicines had been checked very thoroughly at various stages of laboratory tests, on small animals, monkeys, the minister says. [...]

Lab in a suitcase for real-time Ebola surveillance

February 4, 2016. A genomic surveillance system that can be packed into a suitcase and transported to the field to provide on-site Ebola virus genome sequencing, generating results within 24 hours of collecting samples, is reported in a study published in Nature[...]

Sierra Leone frees 55 from Ebola quarantine, seeks 48 others

February 4, 2016. Only four people remained in quarantine in Sierra Leone today after 55 others were declared free of the Ebola virus and released from hospital, officials and medical sources said. [...]

85% camels carry MERS: Study

February 3, 2016. Tests carried out on 112 camels by the Agriculture Ministry have found that 85 percent of the animals carry the deadly Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS). [...]

Czech Rep still leads EU in number of tick-borne encephalitis

February 1, 2016. The Czech Republic continues to lead the EU in the number of tick-borne encephalitis cases, in spite of its slight decline in 2015, according to a member of the European working group for tick-borne encephalitis. [...]

FAO pushes for a road map to control and contain zoonotic diseases

January 28, 2016. Infectious animal-borne disease threats such as Ebola and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) are here to stay, and further painful outbreaks are likely to flare up or new disease threats will definitely emerge in the near future. [...]

Nuclear technique can help control disease-transmitting mosquitoes

February 5, 2016. Countries from around the world are showing increased interest in the use of the sterile insect technique (SIT) to suppress the populations of mosquitoes that transmit, among others, the Zika virus. [...]

Scientists create software that can predict, simulate and analyze a major disease outbreak

Computer scientists and statisticians at Colorado State University are turning disease outbreak planning exercises into a game. They are creating powerful new software that can predict, simulate and analyze a major disease outbreak all in the form of an intuitive, multiplayer game. [...]

Discovery of mechanism that enables bacteria to elude antibiotics

The Molecular Microbiology Research Group in the UAB's Department of Genetics and Microbiology describes for the first time, in a work published in PLOS ONE, a model of behaviour of a bacterial colony that shows how the colony protects itself against toxic substances, like antibiotics, during the colonisation process. [...]

Vaccine study shapes plan to wipe out rabies in free-roaming dogs

Rabies could be eradicated from street dogs in India with the help of a new smartphone app, a study has shown. [...]

New way to detect human-animal diseases tested in lemurs

Advances in genetic sequencing are uncovering emerging diseases in wildlife that other diagnostic tests can't detect. [...]

What is the optimal dose of medication to prevent the evolution of drug resistance?

A new model shows that the standard practice of treating infections with the highest tolerable dose of anti-microbe medications may not be best for preventing the evolution of drug resistance in all cases. [...]

Lessons on Thwarting Pandemics

February 17, 2016. Tufts faculty help train a global workforce to halt infectious diseases like Ebola and Zika virus. [...]

New study highlights effectiveness of a herpes virus cytomegalovirus-based vaccine against Ebola virus

February 15, 2016. A new study represents a crucial step in the translation of herpes virus-based Ebola virus vaccines into humans and other great apes. [...]

The 6th Global mHealth App Developer Economics Study has been launched

February 15, 2016. The 6th mHealth App Developer Economics Study to investigate some of mHealth's biggest questions and to consider how they might be tackled in the coming years has been launched. [...]

Researchers present inner workings of Ebola vaccine trial

February 15, 2016. An experimental vaccine combined with an innovative way of vaccinating people has resulted in an estimated 100 percent efficacy of the vaccine against the Ebola virus in West Africa. [...]

Big data and patient-powered research aim to solve complex diseases

The annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) held on February 13 in Washington, DC discussed the tremendous promise big data holds for solving complex illnesses like Lyme disease. [...]

World Veterinary Day Award 2016

To celebrate the World Veterinary Day (WVD) that will take place globally on 30 April 2016, the World Veterinary Association (WVA) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) are organising the World Veterinary Day Award 2016 to reward the most successful contribution by the veterinary profession on the selected theme for 2016: Continuing Education with a One Health focus. [...]

Sierra Leone releases last four people from Ebola quarantine

February 11, 2016. Four people who had been in contact with Sierra Leone's last known Ebola case were declared free of the disease and released from quarantine Thursday, health authorities said. [...]

Russia to present Ebola vaccine in UN office

An Ebola vaccine developed by Russia will be officially unveiled at the UN Office in Geneva on February 15, a spokesman for the Russian Ministry of Healthcare said Friday. [...]
Researchers to use supercomputer to 'hack' Ebola

February 11, 2016. Scientists at the University of Leeds will run the equivalent of password cracking software to find the chemical keys to defeating the Ebola virus. [...]

Launch of the Emerging Pandemic Threats phase 2 (EPT-2) Programme in West and Central Africa

February 10, 2016. 21 West and Central African countries will benefit from the new USAID funded-FAO Programme as part of global efforts to combat emerging and or re-emerging high impact infectious diseases, which threaten the African continent. [...]

From the ground up: rebuilding health systems in the wake of Ebola

February 2016. As the emergency phase of the response to the Ebola outbreak winds down in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, the 3 countries face an equally urgent and formidable task: building health systems capable of preventing, detecting and responding to outbreaks. [...]

The African Veterinary Information Portal (AfriVIP)

The African Veterinary Information Portal partners have recognised the need to share its educational knowledge and resources and research findings with veterinary and para-veterinary professionals and students and other stakeholders and to provide Continuing Professional Development (CPD) training opportunities.[...]


EVENTS

March 2-5, 2016. 17th International Congress on Infectious Diseases (ICID), Hyderabad, India [...]

March 17-18, 2016. One Health for the Real World: zoonoses, ecosystems and wellbeing Symposium [...]

March 17, 2016. ISNTD Bites 2016, London, UK [...]

March 17-18, 2016.A World in Transition - Changes in Infection Ecology, Gustavianum, Uppsala [...]

July 19-22, 2016. Food micro, Dublin, Ireland [...]

August 24-28, 2016. Options IX for the control of influenza, Chicago, USA [...]

September 4-8, 2016. Tropical Animal Diseases and Veterinary Public Health [...]

September 12-13, 2016. 2nd International conference on Influenza, Berlin, Germany[...]

December 4-7, 2016. One Health EcoHealth, Melbourne, Australia [...]


PUBLICATIONS

1. FAO: EMPRES Watch Vol 32 April 2015: H5N1 HPAI spread in Nigeria and increased risk for neighbouring countries in West Africa [...]

2. FAO: AGA e-newsletter. To receive regular updates by email on all issues relating FAO's work on animal production and health, subscribe to the AGA e-newsletter. It contains information on upcoming events, publications, programme activities, articles and press releases [Click here to subscribe]

3. FAOAIDEnews 84 [...]

4. FAO: EMPRES 360 Animal Health No. 45 [...]

5. FAO: EMPRES Watch Vol 34 December 2015 [...]

6. FAO: ECTAD-RAP News May-Jun 2013 [...]

7. FAO Animal Production and Health Division e-newsletter 110 [...]

8. FAO Animal Production and Health Report No. 9 Rift valley Fever Control [...]

9. FAO Animal Production and Health Manual 17 [...]

10. FAO focus on burden of brucellosis in endemic countries [...]

11. FAO Statistical Yearbook 2013 [...]

12. FAO ECTAD Vietnam Newsletter Sep 2014 - Feb 2015 [...]

13. FAO ECTAD China Highlights Vol 83 December 2015 [...]

14. FAO: Addressing avian influenza A (H7N9) Qualitative risk assessment update Issue no. 2 [...]

15. FAO: Global Animal Disease Intelligence Report [...]

16. FAO: Offlu Avian Influenza update June 12, 2015. [...]

17. FAO: Addressing avian influenza A (H7N9) Guidelines for risk communication messaging [...]

18. FAO: The State of Food & Agriculture 2015 [...]

19. FAO: H7N9 situation update 10 November 2015 [...]

20. FAO: H7N9 situation update [...]

21. Delayed commitment to evolutionary fate in antibiotic resistance fitness landscapes [...]

22. Infectious diseases: Passing through [...]

22. Leishmaniasis Gap Analysis Report and Action Plan [...]

23. Nosocomial Co-Transmission of Avian Influenza A (H7N9) and A(H1N1)pdm09 Viruses between 2  Patients with Hematologic Disorders [...]

24. OIE: The Sixth Strategic Plan (2016-2020) [...]

25. Probable Hospital Cluster of H7N9 Influenza Infection [...]

26. Spread of the pandemic Zika virus lineage is associated with NS1 codon usage adaptation in humans [...]

27. Ebola outbreak 2014 - present: How the outbreak and WHO's response unfolded [...]

28. International Cooperative Responses to Pandemic Threats: A Critical Analysis [...]

29. WHO Ebola Situation Report February 3, 2016 [...]

30. World Bank Group Ebola Response Fact Sheet [...]

TRAINING

Center for Food Security and Public Health expands online courses on Veterinary Immunology and Vaccinology

Introduction to Principles of Veterinary Vaccinology A new introductory course has been added to the courses offered by the Center for Food Security and Public Health (CFSPH) at the Iowa State University College of Veterinary Medicine. Information for all three courses is located at http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Immunology/ For questions on which course would be right for you, or if your organization would like to arrange group courses, contact the CFSPH at [...]

2016 Veterinary Biologics Training Program

The course gives partecipants an overview  of the scientific principles of vaccines and vaccination and of the USDA regulatory process for assuring the purity, safety, potency and efficacy of veterinary biologics at Ames, lowa from May 16  20, 2016.  Registration inopen until April 30, 2016 [...]

E-learning course on bioinformatics in animal viral pathogens [...]

The Vicious Worm: a cysticercosis advocacy information tool [...]

Columbia Regional Learning Center Online Courses

PREP 1101 Fundamentals of Emergency Preparedness [...]

EPI 2408 Surveillance and Forecasting of Emerging Infectious Diseases [...]

PREP 2103 The Home Health Care Workforce: Essential Community Partners in Preventing Transmission of Viral Respiratory Illness: Seasonal Influenza and Pandemic Influenza [...]

E- Learning Course on Avian Influenza The FLUTRAIN team has developed this e-learning course to support veterinary administrations in training newly recruited staff involved in avian influenza prevention, diagnosis and control activities.[...]

AgreenSkils Post-doctoral Research Fellowships

AgreenSkills and AgreenSkills are European Union co-funded fellowship programmes, accepting applications for postdoctoral fellowships from experienced young and independent postdoctoral researchers, in the fields of life, agricultural, nutrition, and environmental sciences. [...]

EpiVille, the E-learning in Epidemiology

Epiville, a learning tool developed specifically for Principles of Epidemiology (P6400), is a set of interactive web-based exercises created by faculty in the Department of Epidemiology and produced by the Center for New Media Teaching and Learning at Columbia University [...]

Cambridge online e-learning institute

Online Certificate in Animal Welfare [...]


EMPLOYMENT

FAO: Senior Livestock Development Officer, Cairo, Egypt, closing date: February 19, 2016 [...]

FAO: Animal Health Officer, Rome, Italy, closing date: February 22, 2016 [...]

FAO: Animal Health Officer (Manager Crisis Management Centre - Animal Health {CMCAH}), Rome, Italy, closing date: February 22, 2016 [...]

FAO: Food Safety and Quality Officer, Rome, Italy, closing date: February 22, 2016 [...]

FAO: Livestock Policy Officer, Rome, Italy, closing date: February 22, 2016 [...]

FAO: Senior Animal Production Officer (Genetic Resources and Animal Production), Rome, Italy, closing date: February 22, 2016 [...]

FAO: Food Safety and Quality Officer, Rome, Italy, closing date: February 22, 2016 [...]

FAO: Livestock Officer, Ankara, Turkey, closing date: March 9, 2016 [...]

WCS AHEAD Regional Policy Advisor, Closing date March 20, 2016. [...]

WHO, EMRO: Antimicrobial Resistance Consultant (Veterinary Medicine), closing date: March 31, 2016. [...]

WHO, EMRO: Antimicrobial Resistance Consultant (Epidemiology and/or Public Health), closing date: March 31, 2016. [...]

WHO, EMRO: Antimicrobial Resistance Consultant (Laboratories Science and/or Microbiology), closing date: March 31, 2016. [...]

WHO, EMRO: Antimicrobial Resistance Consultant (Infectious Diseases), closing date: March 31, 2016. [...]

WHO, EMRO: Antimicrobial Resistance Consultant (Pharmaceutical Sciences), closing date: March 31, 2016. [...]

WHO, EMRO: Antimicrobial Resistance Consultant (Social Sciences & Anthropology), closing date: March 31, 2016. [...]

One Health Opportunities: Positions, Internships, Grants [...]

 

 

About the bulletin

This e-bulletin is published and circulated regularly to members of the global VPH network by FAO's VPH unit. The VPH-related topics covered include, news and updates, events, publications, and training, education and employment opportunities have been compiled from FAO, other organisations and institutions, and other sources. The aim of the bulletin is to provide readers with up to date information on zoonotic disease and food/feed safety events and developments. The bulletin is also a tool for members of the VPH network to share information and participate in online discussions.

 

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